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The Manueline reform
Standards of King Manuel I

The metrological reform of King Manuel I was not limited to weight. The ordinances indicated that “all of the cities and villages of our Kingdoms and Lands, no matter the size of the population, will have the standard of vara and covado and the measures of bread, alqueire and half-alqueire, and quarter-alqueire; and measures of wine of almude and half-almude, canada and half-canada, quartilho and half-quartilho. And olive oil measured in alqueire and half-alqueire and quarter-alqueire and the other small measures according to the customs of each place”.

Meanwhile, contrary to what was done with weight, King Manuel I did not order the distribution of standards of volumes. This matter was taken care by King Sebastião.

Further information​

António Neves: aneves@ipq.pt
Museum of Metrology: museu.metrologia@ipq.pt